Example FMD: OIE  rapport. Venezuela Country and zone without an official status for FMD.

Violences. What happened in yesterday  (Wednesday) violences:

A woman was shot dead and dozens injured in the Venezuelan capital Caracas on Wednesday, in clashes between opposition supporters and pro-government forces.

The military fired tear gas and water cannon amid rival demonstrations.

Opposition leader Juan Guaidó called for those responsible for the death of a 27-year-old woman to be found.

He also urged public employees to go on strike on Thursday, to try to force President Nicolás Maduro to stand down.

In January, Mr Guaidó declared himself Venezuela’s interim leader, and he has been recognised by more than 50 countries including the US, UK and most Latin America nations.

As the head of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, he invoked the constitution to assume an interim presidency, arguing that Mr Maduro’s re-election last year was illegitimate.

But Mr Maduro – who is backed by Russia, China and the leaders of Venezuela’s military – has refused to cede power.

The president dismissed suggestions he had been ready to flee the country and accused the US of directing an attempted coup. Those involved would be punished, he said.

Country Profiles

The FAO Country Profiles collects information from the entire FAO website and provides a fast and reliable way to access country-specific information with no need to search through individual databases and systems. It also includes a direct link to the Country website for in-depth information.


  • AO priorities

The four priority areas of the collaboration between FAO and Venezuela are: Supporting sustainable agricultural development; Supporting initiatives aimed at achieving food security and sovereignty; Supporting adaptation to climate change, risk management and preservation of the environment; Promoting the Latin America and the Caribbean Without Hunger initiative and support to the South-South cooperation. [More]


  • 15/04/2019

    Morogoro’s Best Farmer

    In-depth FAO in Tanzania Country Profile: Tanzania…

  • The SRI project is funded by the Government of Venezuela through the South-South Cooperation. The project aims to increase sustainable production and productivity of rice by promoting the adoption of best practices and developing agro-business models along the rice value chain.


  • 02/04/2019

    Global Report on Food Crises: acute hunger still affecting over 100 million people worldwide

    2 April 2019, Brussels – A report presented today jointly by the European Union, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the UN World Food Programme (WFP) finds that around 113 million people in 53 countries experienced acute food insecurity in 2018, compared to 124 million in 2017. Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development Neven Mimica said,…


Total population (2016) 31,568,000
Gross national income per capita (PPP international $, 2013) 17,890
Life expectancy at birth m/f (years, 2016) 70/79
Probability of dying under five (per 1 000 live births, 2017) 31
Probability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population, 2016) 217/93
Total expenditure on health per capita (Intl $, 2014) 923
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2014) 5.3
Latest data available from the Global Health Observatory

This page links all WHO information to its response on the Public Health Emergency of International Concern.

Outbreaks and emergencies

  • Zika virus infection – Venezuela
    3 December 2015
  • On 27 November 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Venezuela received notification of 7 suspected cases of Zika virus infection. The diagnoses were made by the national reference laboratory, the “Rafael Rangel” National Institute of Hygiene. Four samples tested positive for Zika virus by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results were re-confirmed by Colombia’s National Institute of Health (INS). The cases, whose age ranges from 40 to 55 years old, are all women from areas that border Brazil. Venezuelan health authorities are implementing prevention and control measures. Investigations are ongoing.

    WHO advice

    Given the increased transmission of Zika virus in the Region of the Americas, PAHO/WHO recommends that its Member States establish and maintain the capacity to detect and confirm cases of Zika virus infection, prepare their health services for a potential additional burden at all levels of health care, and implement an effective public communications strategy to reduce the mosquitoes that transmit this disease, particularly in areas where this vector is present. The complete set of recommendations is available in the latest Epidemiological Update (see related links).

Back in 1912, a massive drought forced thousands of people away from the Paraguaná peninsula, the northernmost point of the country, separated from the rest of Falcón by a thin strip of land. They walked through the Médanos de Coro (Coro Dunes), a majestic, inhospitable patch of sand brought by the Trade Winds directly from the Sahara, occupying most of Paraguaná’s isthmus. Many died devoured by sand, and their benevolent spirits —the Ánimas de Guasare are still remembered and revered.

It might be time to pray to the ánimas (Legenda!)  again, since problems have piled up and the dunes threaten to consume Troncal 4, the only motorway connecting Paraguaná with the rest of the country.

  • Coro, the first capital of Venezuela, was designated a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO due to the city’s well-preserved, colonial architecture. A vast area of sand dunes, Los Médanos National Park, extends beyond the city gates.
  • A desert in the tropics


    The Médanos de Coro National Park is one of the most impressive natural attractions in Venezuela.  The shifting sand dunes, which cover the northern and eastern coast of the small Gulf of Coro, form a fantastic desert. The climate is warm and dry with strong winds that create up to 25-meter-high, shifting sand dunes which sometimes even cover the adjacent country road.  A walk along these dunes provides the impression of being in a large desert.

    Quicksand ( In finnish Lentohiekka)  dangers :


“ACCIONA Agua has built in Venezuela’s first reverse osmosis desalination plant in the Latin American country. Mixed character, this project aims to promote sustainable development of the Paraguana Peninsula, one of the most arid and dry areas of the country. Water supply, beyond the industrial use, allows promoting alternative activities in the area such as agriculture…”


What is the condition of PARAGUANA PENINSULA to day?

The Paraguaná Peninsula (Spanish pronunciation: [paɾaɣwaˈna]) is a peninsula in Venezuela, situated in the north of Falcón State, and comprises the municipalities of Carirubana, Los Taques and Falcón. The island of Aruba lies 27 km to the north. Bonaire and Curaçao are slightly further away. The Paraguaná Peninsula is connected to the rest of the state by a natural isthmus of Médanos. The Peninsula contains two oil refineries, in the West city of Punto Fijo. The output of these refinieries is shipped internationally through the ports of Amuay and Cardón. The Peninsula of Paraguana lies in the Caribbean.

The peninsula lies in the Paraguana xeric scrub ecoregion.[1] Because it is completely surrounded by water, the peninsula is sometimes called an island, and is sometimes considered as part of the Leeward Antilles.


Paraguana currently contains two large oil refineries, and the largest oil refinery complex, the Paraguaná Refinery Complex. Most of the oil that PDVSA acquires is processed in this complex. Many engineers that worked in the refineries have moved to the United States to work at Citgo.

Paraguana is a duty-free zone, so many international shops, notably Arabian, have opened.

While most of the economy is centered on the oil industry, tourism is growing. While most of the tourists come from other parts of Venezuela, many tourists come from surrounding countries such as Colombia, Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, and even a few tourists from the United States. The beaches serve as a large part of tourist attraction. There is a luxury beachfront hotel called Eurobuilding Villa Caribe. Paraguana also takes advantage of the duty-free shopping for tourism and opened a Paraguana Mall which is used for that. Two shopping malls are in the area. The mall, Las Virtudes, attracts a lot of people, and the mall, Sambil Paraguana, attracts many tourists, and has a luxury hotel, Lidotel, in it. Western news sources point to Paraguaná as being an ongoing construction site for launch purposes in connection with Iranian-manufactured and imported ballistic missiles to the Bolivarian Republic under agreement of the late president, Hugo Chavez[citation needed].

The peninsula is served by Josefa Camejo International Airport in Punto Fijo, among others.

Supermercado La Franco Italiana used to be headquartered in the peninsula, until it was merged with Supermercados De Candido, which maintains branches there.


  1. Alarcón, Clara, Northern South America: Northernwestern Venezuela, WWF: World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2017-04-26

External links

Media related to Paraguaná at Wikimedia Commons

(My  thought: has somebody  any time  in the apst been thinking independency for the tiny Peninsula Paraguana only  ( excluding   the  continental Venezuela)  hardly.

I find from the net  an article:

Josefa Camejo, also known as Doña Ignacia, was born in Curaidebo, Pueblo Nuevo in the province of Coro (Estado Falcón, Venezuela). Admired and honored for her brave role in combating the Spanish colonialists in the nineteenth century, she is one of the main female heroines in Venezuelan history. In 1821 she provoked the so‐called Revolution of Paraguaná which, although having been defeated at the first stage, finally led to the independence declaration of Coro. It was also an encouraging sign for the following Battle of Carabobo, which represented the last core battle on the way to Venezuelan independence in 1821.

ISLA MARGARITA Desalination Plant project 2016 -7.  (10 000 cm/d )

Jos tämä vedentuotto katsotaan saaren nykyasukasluvun mukaan henkilö kohden ei tulisi kuin 25 litraa päivässä. tuo vedenpuhdistusmäärä ei riitä ja juomavettä tulee importoida saarelle.



December 2017. An article about Venezuelan “Breadbasket”- region, where the   heartland farms  are locating:

Photographs by Fabiola Ferrero; story by Patricia Laya

As Venezuelans in cities scavenge for food, once-fertile farmlands are barren as well. In western Portuguesa state, which was the nation’s breadbasket, hundreds of arable acres were lost after seeds didn’t arrive* until the rainy season. Slugs and snails overran fields after pesticides disappeared when the cash-strapped government reduced imports. Thieves forage by night and a “cemetery of tractors” waits for replacement parts that never arrive.

(My opinion*: Every state much have own storage of seeds for the coming season so that the seed is not only  depending of the import from outside the country.  Venezuelans must have been using all the seed  corps for   daily food! Or what happened?)

The want is made by man, not nature. Price caps set by the authoritarian socialist regime of Nicolas Maduro have forced growers to cut output as their products became unprofitable. The production of corn, the main ingredient in the staple patties called arepas, dropped by more than half since 2008, according to Venezuela’s Confederation of Associations of Agricultural Producers.

Of the 15 million tons of sugar cane consumed in the country last year, only about 3.2 million tons were produced nationally — down more than 60 percent from eight years prior. Sorghum, usually grown as livestock feed, has all but disappeared.

As part of his economic war against the bourgeoisie, the late president Hugo Chavez expropriated food processors, stores and millions of acres of farms and ranches. He wanted to kick-start a flagging agricultural industry — once hailed for producing the world’s best coffee and cocoa — that had fallen into disrepair during the country’s oil boom.

Agropatria, the farm-supply business nationalized in 2010, holds a monopoly on everything from seeds to pesticides. Maduro has cut back on imports to shore up cash and pay back billions in debt for the country and its state-oil producer.

Now, food shortages have become so dire that residents of downtown Caracas wake up to find their trash bags ransacked for food. About 40 percent of families in four of the most populous states have resorted to begging or visiting garbage bins for meals, according to a September survey by the Catholic charity Caritas. About 70 percent of children in those states reported some level of malnutrition.

Photographs of a once-bountiful region show the cause.

(My opinion: This Gordons knot could be opened  without civil war, if  the parlament of Venezuela  could use diplomatically and politically  normal ways  , sitting together- face to face  and  solve all these problems,  from seed  to  bread and  from  safe drinking water to  stabile electricity,   and creating       some kind of  social  security  norms ,  concerning   benefits,   define at least  the minimul existence level of  incomes,   reestablish the functionality  of  healthy care institutes, schools. The  country is one of the richest  oil producers.

(My opinion: The war  does not bring  any water and bread  to  civilians  and  it  does not  correct  anything ).





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